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Bible & Book of Mormon Chronology / Kings of Israel

Biblical Timeline from Abraham to Hoshea, through the Kings of the Northern Kingdom of Israel. See Bible Chronology / Timeline from Adam to Zedekiah for more complete biblical timeline through kings of Judah and much more detail.  check out our genealogical correlation chart for a genealogy of all of these timeline together.

Gen.Descendant of AdamNotes about LifeLife SpanBegat son at age…Age Made KingTotal ReignBeg Reign   (Yr BC)DEATH (Yr BC)Scripture reference’s) which give exact ages/dates.
20Abraham17510075?2022 BC?1847 BC?Gen 21:5   25:7,8
21Isaac1806060?1922 BC1742 BCGen 25:7   36:28
22Jacob1476879?1862 BC1715 BCGen 47:28   9?
23Judah1794 BC1657 BC
24Pherez1730 BC?1730 BC?
25Esrom1660 BC?1660 BC?
26AramContemporary to Moses and Caleb1597 BC1477 BC
(The Exodus)See Note A.   Occurred when Moses was 80 years old.  In 1517 BC,  430 years after Abraham was 75 or 215 years passed from the time that Jacob entered Israel to the exodus.Acts 7:23, 30Gal 3:17Gen 15:13, 16
Aminadabcontemporary to Joshua?N/A#REF!#REF!
NaasonN/A#REF!#REF!
SalmonComtemp to Ehud?N/A#REF!#REF!
BoazComtemp to GideonN/A#REF!#REF!
ObedRuth’s husband,   time of JairN/A#REF!#REF!
JesseFather of David,  contemp with SamuelN/A#REF!#REF!
DavidBorn 1032 BC7033401062 BC1022 BC2 Sam 5:4–5,  1 Chron. 29:27,  3:4
34SolomonTemple lain in 1018 BC??401022 BC982 BC2 Chron. 9:30,  1 Kings 11:42

Foundation of Temple is Lain: See Note C. Solomon lays temple foundation in 4rth year of his reign (Put period of the Judges Scriptures)

35Jeroboam####?#VALUE!940 BC  1 Kings 
NadabKINGS OF NORTHERN KINGDOM2940 BC938 BC2 Chron. ,  1 Kings 15:25
Baasha24938 BC914 BC2 Chron. ,  1 Kings 15:33
Elah222914 BC912 BC2 Chron. ,  1 Kings 16:8
Omri121212912 BC900 BC2 Chron. ,  1 Kings 16:23
Ahab222122900 BC878 BC2 Chron.   1 Kings 16:29
38AhaziahN/A2878 BC876 BC2 Chron. ,   1 Kings 22:51 
Jeroham121212876 BC864 BC2 Chron. ,  2 Kings 3:1
Jehu282828864 BC836 BC2 Chron. ,  2 Kings 10:36
41Jehoahaz171717836 BC819 BC2 Chron. ,  2 Kings 13:1
41Jeoash161616819 BC803 BC2 Chron. ,   2 Kings 13:10
42Jeroboam4141803 BC762 BC2 Chron. ,  2 Kings 14:23
43Menahem101010762 BC752 BC2 Chron. ,  2 Kings 15:17
43PekahiahMurderedx222752 BC750 BC2 Chron. ,  2 Kings 15:23
44PehahMurderedx201220750 BC730 BC2 Chron.  2 Kings 15:27
45Hoshea9-169730 BC721 BC2 Chron.  2 Kings 17:1
Assyria sacks Israel in 12th year of Ahaz’ riegn or 730 BC
46HezekiahSun goes back 15 degrees54422529728 BC699 BC2 Chron. 29:1,  2 Kings 18:2
47Manasseh67451255699 BC644 BC2 Chron. 33:1,  2 Kings 21:1
48Amon  (x)Murdered2416222644 BC642 BC2 Chron. 33:21  2 Kings 21:19 
49Josiah3914831642 BC611 BC2 Chron. 34:1  2 Kings 22:1
50Jehoiakim(a.ka. Eliakim)   vassal to pharaoh36152511611 BC600 BC2 Chron. 36:5,  2 Kings 23:36
Zedekiah(a.k.a. Mattaniah)    Johoiakim’s cousin32322111600 BC589 BC2 Chron 36:11.  2 Kings 24:18

Lehi and family leave Jerusalem in the 1st year of Zedekiah’s riegn, 600 yrs before Christ.

Descendant of AdamNotes about LifeLife SpanBegat son at age…Age Made KingTotal ReignBIRTH    (Yr BC)DEATH (Yr BC)Scripture reference’s) 
LehiBorn about time of Amon?  (670 BC?)N/A572 BC?2 Nephi 4:122 Nephi 5:28
50NephiLeft Jerusalem in 1st yr of Zedek.  ___ yrs old72??615 BC543 BCJacob 1:12, Jacob 1:1
JacobProbably about 25 yrs younger than Nephi94?74?N/AN/A599 BC505 BC2 Nephi 2:1
51EnosSon of Jacob105N/AN/A420 BCEnos 1:25
52JaromSon of EnosN/AN/A359 BC?Jarom 1:5, 13
53OmniSon of JaromN/AN/A317 BC?Omni 1:3, 5
54ChemishSon of Omni.  (Brother of Amaron)N/AN/A246 BC?Omni 1:9
55AbinadomSon of ChemishN/AN/A200 BC?Omni 1:10–11
56AmalekiSon of Abinadom  (Contemp, with Mosiah I)N/AN/A159 BCOmni 1:12, 23
57BenjaminContemporary of Amalaki.  (gives him plates)194 BC122 BCMosiah 6:4–5
58Mosiah IISon of Benjamin63303392 BCMosiah 29:46
59Alma IISon of Alma (contemp with Mosiah’s sons)N/A73 BCAlma 45:18–20
60Heleman ISon of Alma II57 BCAlma 62:52
61Helaman IISon of Heleman I50BC1139 BCHel 2:1–2,  3:37
62Nephi IISon of Heleman II    (disappears)N/A?1 ADHel 3:373 Ne. 1:1–2, 2:9
63Nephi IIISon of Nephi II  (Prophet at Christ’s coming)N/A?N/AN/AN/A ?likely one of the immortal 3 nephites
64Nephi IVSon of Nephi III (the deciple)  kept the records85?70?N/AN/A20 AD?110 AD4 Ne 1:19–20 (4 Ne. title page)
65AmosSon of Nephi IV114?100?N/A8490 AD?194 AD4 Ne. 1:21
66Amos IISon of Amos I.  Age of Mormon’s dad131?110?N/AN/A174 AD?305 AD4 Ne. 1:47
AmmaronBrother of Amos II.   Age of Mormon’s dad? N/AN/A325 AD?
67MormonGets plates from brother of Amos II  (son’s age)90??N/AN/A311 AD401 ADMormon 1:1–6, 8:3, 6
68MoroniSon of Mormon421 ADMoroni 10:1

– 4 ne. 1:14 says all Christ’s deciples died by 72 AD. (thats 38 yrs after Christ’s coming) guessing that they were between 20 & 60 this means that their life spans were between 58 & 98.  (so not too old)

– 4 ne 1:18 says that by 110 AD, all the first generation who were alive at Christ’s coming had died.  Mormon is likely the one writing this as an abridgment.  And so any statements as to the length of a “generation” are his.  Judging from verse 22 where Mormon once again says the second generation had all passed away by 200 AD; the lifespan of BOM people was between 70-100 from the time of Christ to Mormon’s day.

– However, note that Amos dies in 194 AD.  His his father Nephi IV died in 110 AD.  Thus, since Nephi had to give birth to his son before he died (and likely quite a few years) then Amos had to be born before 110 AD (but was probably born in at least 90 AD).  If this is true, then Amos would have been between 84 and as much as 114 years old when he died. 

– The same applies to Amos II.  He died in 305 AD, and yet his father died in 194 AD.  Thats 111 years between thier deaths!!!  And since Amos II was probably not born on his father’s death bed (but instead was likely born 20-40 years before) that means that Amos II would have been between 131 and 151 when he died!!

– Ammaron comes and talks to Mormon “about” the same time he hid up the records which we are told was in 321 AD (4 ne 1:48).  Mormon tells us he was 10 years old at this time (Morm 1:1).  This means that Mormon was born in 311 AD.  Moroni tells us that Mormon died around 401 AD (Mormon 8:3, 6). This means that Mormon was 90 years old when he was still leading the Nephite forces!!!  I think it is safe to say that something very crazy is going on with the average life expectancy during this epoch!

Book of Mormon Chronology / Timeline of Jaredites

Timeline Chronology for the Jaredite culture from the Book of Ether in the Book of Mormon.

The Book of Mormon Jaredite King List gives only 7 exact dates (lifespans and reigns) for the Jaredite Chronology. The only real markers we have to build a working chronology from are firstly, the date of the “dearth” and megafauna extinction given in the narrative of Heth Ether 9:25. (It is well established that Mastodons and other megafauna went extinct in North America at about 8,000 BC.)  And Secondly, the last Jaredite date which can be placed somewhere between ~570 BC when the Old World Migrants arrived and ~180 BC when the move to Zarahemla took place. As with most “King Lists” found in the old world, the list suggests a direct father to son succession, even though large breaks in time are almost positively present. Comparison with Egyptian, Sumerian and Babylonian King Lists in the Old World suggests this practice of mistakenly inferring direct succession was common, as later rulers wished to prove political legitimacy based on genealogy. All dates and ages are complete conjecture and are based upon the notes and the handful of exact dates (only about 7 given dates) marked in underlined bold. Jared is said to have lived during the time of the Bible’s Tower of Babel which a literal Biblical timeline puts very close to the time of Abraham. However, Babylonian and Akkadian records suggest that this event was a common aspect of mythical records as early as 4000 BC. I suggest the true date to whatever event actually spawned this myth occured sometime around C14 date of 14,000 BC. The last Jaredite historian, Coriantumr lived sometime just before the time of King Mosiah in the Book of Mormon.  See the genealogical table correlation chart to see agreement between this timeline and other biblical internal genealogies. Guessed life Spans and other dates on this chart (dates not in underlined bold) are made to approximately match the ages and dates of corresponding figures in the bible timeline.

Desendant of Jaredtimeline-notes about lifeLife SpanAge at sons birthReignSaw sons reign Age made kingPossible Year?Scripture References for kings life…..
1Jared240?180?100?14,000 BCEther 1-6 – Ether 6:29
2Orihah^lived exceedingly many days230?150?110?70?Ether 6:27  –  Ether 7:3
3Kib*born in fathers old age, captive pait of life210?90?90?30?Ether 7:3, –  Ether 7:10
4Shule*bom in fathers old age. captive a short time 205?90?90?30?Ether 7:3  –   Ether 8:1
5Omer*^born in fathers old age, left kingdom many years, saw exceedingly many days175?122?120?30?Ether 8:1 –  Ether 9:15
War kills Majority  (Large time gap in king list?)
6Emer*bom In fathers old age150?58?62226?Ether 9:14Ether 9:22
7Corianturn^had no children until he was exceedingly old, had children in his old age, lived to 142142116?110?428?Ether 9:21 –  Ether 9:25
8Com*born when his father was exceedingly old (over 102) , killed by own son125?45?4926?Ether 9:25 –  Ether 9:27
Great Dearth
9Hethdied In drought70?30?40?30? 8000 BCEther 9:25 –  Ether 10: 1
10Shez^lived to an exceedingly old age120?82?80?40?Ether 10:1Ether 10:4
11Riplakishafter 42 years of reign, people revolt and kill him80?30?4238?Ether 10:4 –  Ether 10:8
12Morianton^as outcast, he retakes kingdom, lived to an exceedingly great age120?95?70?842?Ether 10:9 –  Ether 10:13
13Kim*born in father’s exedingly great age; after short reign lives the rest of life in captivity90?80?65?25?Ether 10:13Ether 10:14
14Levi*born in father’s old age, after 42 years captive he retakes kingdom, lived to a good old age100?50?90?10?Ether 10:14 –  Ether 10:16
15Corom^saw many days120?70?70?50?Ether 10:16 –   Ether 10:17
16Kish80?45?30?50?Ether 10:17 –  Ether 10:18
17Lib^pinnacle of Jaredite prosperity, lived many years.105?70?70?35?Ether 10:18Ether 10:29
18Hearthomafter 4 years of reign, lives rest of life in captivity70?40?35?35?Ether 10:29 –  Ether 10:31
19Hethcaptive whole life60?30?30?30?Ether 10:31Ether 10:31
20Aaroncaptive whole life60?30?30?30?Ether 10:31 –  Ether 10:31
21Amniqaddahcaptive whole life60?30?30?30?Ether 10:31  – Ether 10:31
22Corianturncaptive whole life60?25?30?30?Ether 10:31 –  Ether 10:31
23Comdrew away half of kingdom 42 years, then battled many years and took whole kingdom, lived to a good old age85?65?65?35?Ether 10:31 –  Ether 11:4
Great Destructions (large time gap in king list?)
24Shiblonexceedingly great war and many destructions, many kIlled in war55?25?20?35? 540 BCEther 11:4Ether 11:9
25Sethcaptive whole life60?35?30?30?520 BCEther 11:9 –  Ether 11:9
26Ahahretakes the kingdom, lived few days40?20?15?25? 490 BCEther 11:10 –  Ether 11: 10
27Ethem75?40?55?20? 475 BCEther 11:11  – Ether 11:14
28Moronlost half the kingdom for a time, then retook all,  then lost whole kingdom and dwelt in captivity rest of life70?40?35?35? 420 BCEther 11:14 –  Ether 11:18
29Coriantorcaptive whole life60?20?30?30? 385 BCEther 11:18 –  Ether 11:23
30Etherthe prophet75?35?40? 355 BCEther 11:23 –  Ether 15:34
Complete Destruction
Endyear that Coriantumr would have been found by people of Zarahemla320 BC? Complete conjecture

Symbols:
* = born in fathers old age
^ = lived an exceedingly long time
Bold = exact date given in scripture

the reason behind the date for Coriantumr is that when the people of Lemhi sent a group out to find Zerahemla, and yet they overshot and found a land “covered with bones” and brought back the 24 plates.  Well unburried bones desentigrate in a hundred years or so unless its very arid.  Thus they must have found the land within a hundred years of when the battles occured (Mosiah 21:25–28).  

We know it happened a while before King Mosiah I, since the Mulekites brought the stone with the record of Coriantumr staying with them at that time..and spoke of it like it was a while back (Omni 1:20–22).    This was some time before 130 BC.

King Limhi’s group went north about 121 B.C.

So perhaps around 130-250 BC.  Or perhaps not. Placing absolute dates on the Jaredite chronology is largely conjecture.

correlation of all genealogical tables given in biblical/LDS scripture

correlation of all genealogical tables given in biblical/LDS scripture